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Learning Spanish Grammar
Grammar in any language is the foundation for achieving a high level of conversation. We are very serious about teaching Grammar and will tell you right from the very beginning that Spanish Grammar is key to learning the language the way you are supposed to if your main goal is to speak the language properly in order to go beyond simply knowing phrases.
 
Sentence Sturcture and Question Structure are Key
The main purpose of the following Spanish Grammar Tutorials is to provide you with easy, straight to the point information to get started in learning Spanish Grammar. Here you will learn basic concepts that provide a simple approach to learning Spanish Language rather than extensive theory that may be perceived as confusing to the student that is interested in learning, but does not have an academic degree in Grammar.
Spanish Sentence Structure
It is very important to learn the way words are placed within a sentence in order to learn to speak Spanish correctly from the very start. Here you will see what I personally call formulas. A. These formulas are helpful reminders of the place each word has in a sentence.
  • The most basic sentence structure in Spanish is: Noun+Ser/Estar (To Be)+adjective.

    1. El español es muy lindo. The Spanish Language is beautiful. 4. El día está precioso. The day is beautiful

    2. Los verbos son importantes. Verbs are important 6. Esta lección está fácil. This lesson is easy compared to others.
    3. Spanish is easy. El español es facil. 7. Ella es muy sincera. She is very sincere.
    • Noun+Verb+Adverb of Manner, Place, Time...(with verbs other than Ser or Estar.
    1. Ella trabaja bien. She works well
    2. Yo trabajo desde mi casa. I work out of the house.
    3. Usted estudia en la mañana. You study in the morning.
     

Spanish Verb Conjugation
Verb Conjugation and Spanish Question Structure

Conjugation of Regular Verbs (Simple Present Tense)
The conjugation of regular verbs in Spanish always occurs in the last two letters of the infinitive verb;
Hablar -The -ar ending will be replaced by the conjugation that each subject triggers. Whether it is the firs, second, third person singular, or the first person, second person and third person plural.
Yo hablo - Is the conjugation of the first person singular (yo) in the simple present tense.
Nosotros hablamos- Is the conjugation of the first person plural (we) in the simple present t.
Spanish Regular Verbs are grouped together according to the ending of the verb in the infinitive form (when it is not conjugated)
-ar -er - ir
manejar vender escribir
yo manejo nosotros manejamos
yo vendo nosotros vendemos
yo escribo nosotros escribimos
tú manejas ustedes manejan
tú vendes ustedes venden
tú escribes ustedes escriben
vos manejás ustedes manejan
usted maneja ustedes manejan
vos vendés ustedes venden
usted vende ustedes venden
vos escribís ustedes escriben
usted escribe ustedes escriben
ella maneja ellas manejan
él maneja ellos manejan
ella vende
él vende
ella escribe ellas escriben
él escribe ellos escriben
 
 
Tú manejas ustedes manejan Tú vendes ustedes venden Tú escribes ustedes escriben Vos manejás ustedes manejan Vos vendés ustedes venden Vos escribís ustedes escriben Usted maneja ustedes manejan Usted vende ustedes venden Usted escribe ustedes escriben
él maneja ellos manejan él vende ellos venden él escribe ellos escriben
ella maneja ellas manejan ella vende ellas venden ella escribe ellas escriben
When you practice verb conjugation, always place the pronoun before the verb even if you believe it
is unnecessary because you have practiced so much, you no longer feel a need to include it.
The formula for Spanish question structure is the following
Yes/No Questions
  • Usted habla español? (subject+verb+object) The subject can be either a noun or a pronoun.
Question Words (Information Questions)
  • ¿Dónde trabaja usted? Question Word+conjugated verb+noun or pronoun.
Because the conjugated verb is placed before the subject, it is very important to practice both during the initial stages of verb conjugation; particularly with the question word Quién (who).
¿Quién trabaja con usted? - Who works with you?
¿Dónde trabaja ella? Where does she work?
¿Cómo escriben ellos? How do they write?
¿Por qué compra usted esas frutas? Why do you buy those fruits?
¿Cuánto tiempo tarda usted en llegar a la escuela? How long does it take you to come to school?
¿Hasta dónde viaja usted en bus? How far do you go by bus?
¿Con quién trabaja usted? Who do you work with?

As you can see, it is better to include the pronoun even when you are speaking directly to the person in front of you. It makes sense because it triggers the conjugation of the verb.

Spanish Irregular Verbs

Spanish Stem Changing Verbs
Stem changing verbs undergo a slight change except in the first person plural.
Soñar is a stem changing verb because the o in the first syllable will become ue when the verb is conjugated in the Simple Present Tense.
 
Yo sueño                                 nosotros soñamos (no change)
tú sueñas                                ustedes sueñan
*vos soñás (no change)             ustedes sueñan
usted sueña                            ustedes sueñan
ella sueña                                 ellas sueñan
él sueña                                   ellos sueñan
 
 

 
 
*Central America vos form does not change.
 

You can tell the difference between a regular verb and an irregular verb because the first person singular of the irregular verb undergoes a radical change when conjugated.

Ser-yo soy salir-yo salgo estar-yo estoy tener-yo tengo
poner-yo pongo saber-yo sé
Spanish Grammar Test Download
SpanishVerbConjugationTest.doc Spanish Verb Conjugation Test Download